jQuery Traversing - Ancestors


To discover an element's ancestors, you may use jQuery to traverse up the DOM tree.

A parent, grandparent, great-grandparent, and so on are all examples of ancestors.

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Traversing Up the DOM Tree

For Ancestors Traversing the DOM tree, there are three important jQuery methods :

  • parent() - Single level parent
  • parents() - Multilevel parent till root element.
  • parentsUntil() - Multilevel parent till a specified element.
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jQuery parent() Method

The direct parent of the chosen element is returned by the parent() function.

Only a single level of the DOM tree is traversed by this technique.

Example :- The example below retrieves the parent element of the h4:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.5.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script>
    $(document).ready(function () {
        $("#b1").click(function () {
            $("h4").parent().css({ "color": "red", "border": "2px solid blue" });
        });
    });
</script>
</head>
<body>

<div id="div1">div 1 - (great-grandparent)<br /><br />
    <div id="div2">div 2 - (grand-parent)<br /><br />
        <div id="div3">div 3 - (parent)<br /><br />
            <h4>i am h4</h4>
        </div>
    </div>
  </div><br />

  <button id="b1">Show Parent Of H4</button>

</body>
</html>

Output :-

div 1 - (great-grandparent)

div 2 - (grand-parent)

div 3 - (parent)

i am h4



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jQuery parents() Method

All ancestor elements of the chosen element are returned by the parents() function, up to and including the document's root element (html).

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jQuery parentsUntil() Method

All ancestor items between two parameters are returned by the parentsUntil() function.

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